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秋季装修墙体出现裂纹怎么处理更好? 来源:http://www.ssbb1.com 日期:2019-08-27 发布人:admin

墙面接缝基层处开裂会导致墙面表层出现裂缝。接缝处开裂主要发生在钢筋混凝土剪力墙与陶粒砖的接缝处、钢筋混凝土梁与陶粒砖接缝处、后堵砌的门口处、石膏板隔墙与原有墙体接缝处。接缝处开裂主要是由于受周边环境或者外力影响,石膏板、预制隔墙板和预制楼板会出现收缩、位置变动,导致接缝处裂缝,一般为垂直缝或者水平缝。
Cracks at the base of wall joints will lead to cracks on the surface of the wall. The cracks mainly occur at the joints of reinforced concrete shear wall and ceramsite brick, reinforced concrete beam and ceramsite brick, back-blocked entrance, gypsum board partition wall and original wall. Joint cracking is mainly due to the influence of surrounding environment or external forces, gypsum board, prefabricated partition board and prefabricated floor will shrink, position changes, resulting in joint cracks, generally vertical or horizontal joints.
处理方法:建议等整个楼体变形趋于稳定之后修复,短时间之内的修复容易出现反复。
Processing method: It is suggested that the whole building should be repaired after the deformation of the building tends to be stable. Repair in a short time is prone to recurrence.
1、腻子层开裂
1. Putty Layer Cracking
墙面刮腻子能够使得墙面更加光滑细腻,平整度远高于水泥墙面,使墙面上漆效果更佳,同时也节省漆料。腻子层如果产生裂纹,也容易导致表层出现开裂。因此施工的时候要注意避免使腻子层产生裂纹。
Wall putty scraping can make the wall more smooth and delicate, smoothness is much higher than the cement wall, so that the wall paint effect is better, but also save paint. If the putty layer cracks, it is easy to cause surface cracking. Therefore, attention should be paid to avoid cracks in putty layer during construction.
处理方法:如果裂缝已经深入腻子层,可先用尖锐工具将裂缝扩大到一个改锥大小,填入嵌缝石膏并进行打磨找平,贴上网格布或牛皮纸后用腻子进行找平,最后按照正常的工序进行即可。
Processing method: If the crack has penetrated into the putty layer, the crack can be enlarged to a taper size with sharp tools, filled with seam gypsum and polished to find the level, pasted on the grid cloth or kraft paper, then leveled with putty, and finally carried out in accordance with the normal process.
2、抹灰层开裂
2. Cracking of plastering layer
济南装饰公司
墙面抹灰层裂缝又分为正常开裂和非正常开裂两种,正常开裂主要指由于水泥砂浆收缩引起的抹灰层出现裂缝;非正常开裂主要是由于材料或者施工工艺不当引起的裂缝。正常开裂很难避免,但是非正常开裂情况就可以注意避免。
The cracks of plastering layer on wall can be divided into normal cracking and abnormal cracking. Normal cracking mainly refers to cracks in plastering layer caused by shrinkage of cement mortar; Abnormal Cracking mainly results from cracks caused by improper materials or construction technology. Normal cracking is difficult to avoid, but abnormal cracking can be avoided.
处理方法:如果抹灰层出现大面积空鼓,应该敲掉原有抹灰层,重新做一次水泥沙浆的抹灰层,找平后再按正常工序刷漆。不过,这样处理后造价会相对提高。如果只是出现小面积开裂,没有翻砂、空鼓、脱落情况,可以满墙贴的确良布,再按正常工序施工。
Processing method: If there is a large area of empty drum in the plastering layer, the original plastering layer should be knocked out, and the plastering layer of cement mortar should be redone. After leveling, the plastering layer should be painted according to the normal process. However, the cost of this treatment will be relatively higher. If there is only a small area of cracking, no sand dump, empty drum, fall off, can be covered with fine cloth wall, and then according to the normal process of construction.
3、墙面结构开裂
3. Cracking of wall structure
墙体本身结构层开裂也会导致表面墙面出现裂纹。包括两种情况,其一,原墙面本身已有裂缝,在后期装修过程中未采取适当的处理措施;其二,原墙面在装修时尚无开裂,在后期因地基沉降不均匀、温度变化大等原因而产生裂缝。
Cracks in the structural layer of the wall itself can also cause cracks on the surface of the wall. Including two situations, one is that the original wall itself has cracks, and no appropriate treatment measures have been taken in the later decoration process; the other is that the original wall does not crack in the decoration fashion, and cracks are produced in the later period due to uneven settlement of the foundation, large temperature changes and other reasons.
处理方法:这种开裂普通装修方法无法修复,必须找专业建筑结构人员根据实际情况,采取相应措施。
Processing method: This kind of cracking ordinary decoration method can not be repaired, we must find professional building structure personnel according to the actual situation, take appropriate measures.

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